The E. Coli Made Me Do It: Understanding the Microbiome and Human Behavior

A lot of pub­lic and sci­en­tific atten­tion has been paid recently to the idea that the microbiome—the col­lec­tion of bac­te­ria, viruses, fungi, and other microbes that share our bod­ies, out­num­ber­ing our own cells ten to one—can cause dis­eases widely con­cep­tu­al­ized as non-communicable.

Family Wealth Lasts For Ten To Fifteen Generations

When con­ven­tional esti­mates look at social mobil­ity, they typ­i­cally focus on one aspect of status—income or wealth or edu­ca­tion or occu­pa­tional sta­tus. But it turns out that for any indi­vid­ual, the indi­vid­ual aspects of sta­tus are quite weakly cor­re­lated. When you look at that kind of mobility—individual aspects of status—you tend to see a lot of ran­dom fluc­tu­a­tions, but if you have a more bal­anced account of the person’s life and sta­tus, you actu­ally see that these things are chang­ing much more slowly. Peo­ple have a deeper, under­ly­ing over­all social sta­tus that changes very slowly between generations.